The global parcel delivery costs about $82 billion reportedly, with more than 40 percent of the market accounting in China, Germany, and the United States. With the rise of e-commerce, consumer preferences have become progressively essential in the parcel-delivery market that was purely business-oriented in the past.
Today, about 20 to 25 percent of consumers choose same-day or instant delivery and more than 50% choose based on price affordability whereas, 20% of consumers are noted to choose the cheapest delivery option.
With the growing demand, how goods flow from manufacturers to consumers is about to change for good. Currently, a dedicated delivery person employed by the parcel delivery service provider picks up the parcels at a consolidation point, e.g., delivery base, and delivers them directly to the recipients. Large vans are typically used as delivery vehicles. Over the next decade, prompted by new technologies and business processes, the transformation in parcel delivery models will reduce supply chain costs and reorder its components. According to research some of these operational models, AGVs mainly, will replace the current forms of regular parcel delivery in not so distant future.
Autonomous aircrafts, choppers or planes for example, carry upto 15 kgs of parcels to their destination along the most direct course and generally at a high speed. Drones need supervision and roughly about eight drones can be supervised by a single person.
Anyone who joins the crowdsourcing network, as a driver to, can opt to complete a specific delivery order. The benefit of this system is its adaptability in product supply, particularly in covering pinnacles and troughs, the multi-reason use of specific resources, for example, automobiles, as well as the low investment requirement for delivery organisations.
Autonomous Ground Vehicles
These vehicles contain lockers and they deliver products with zero human intervention. The delivery companies inform the customers about the exact arrival time of the vehicle and are requested to collect their parcel from a specific locker in the vehicle. These autonomous ground vehicles would require supervision.
Courier companies employ people to deliver relatively small amount of packages on bike. Bike courier delivery is commonly seen today in point-to-point parcel delivery system, specifically in delivering business documents and prepared food.
Semiautonomous Ground Vehicles
These are the self-driving vehicles where a delivery person takes care of the administrative tasks like parcel scanning, communicating regarding the arrival time of the vehicle. However, it has to be taken into account that these semiautonomous ground vehicles are reported to be significantly more expensive than a regular van, at least in the beginning.
Small autonomous vehicles are relatively slow, driving at a speed of 5 to 10 kmph. These are only slightly larger than a regular parcel and drive on the sidewalk rather than on the main street. They deliver parcels to the doorstep. These droids also need a human supervision. Developers currently believe that one person can supervise upto 100 droids due to their small size and low speed.
While some of these futuristic delivery systems are still being developed and tested, they’re not yet trending. But keep your eyes on them for the future. Robot Delivery is likewise being tried in San Francisco for Yelp Eat24, using a Marble robot on city walkways.
If parcels can be delivered by autonomous vehicles or drones, that will change the game considerably, according to Accenture’s global management consulting lead for the postal and parcel industry, Andre Pharand.
In conclusion, innovation is key to improving and progressing delivery, particularly in rural areas that are not easily reachable. Whilst delivery firms are still at times unable to fully meet their own deadlines for delivery, it looks like there is a need for alternative solutions.
Image source: SmartAcquiring.com
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