Technologies like Machine learning, Artificial Intelligence, and Predictive Analysis have taken the world by storm. These technologies are creating waves in the present scenario and promise to reshape the way businesses operate and carry their day to day operations.
These technologies have the ability to automate the tasks thereby reducing human efforts and time, streamline the processes and they can lead to enhanced productivity and precision. They can empower businesses to offer a fulfilling experience to its stakeholders. Thus, in every sense, these technologies can evolve the core processes of the business. One such process that can be revolutionized with AI is Project Management.
Scope of AI in Project Management
For handling a project appropriately, merely having a great plan is not enough. Effective Project Management is the key. Proper project monitoring, managing, and planning are important for almost each and every sector ranging from software development, logistics to construction and finance. However, the tools and project management software that we use for Project Management are quite complex and do not precisely warn about the potential problem. Furthermore, such tools are mostly designed to be used by specialists. Thus, AI can be used in place of these tools to manage the projects effortlessly. The industries can leverage AI-powered decision support systems to keep the projects on track and enhance decision-making. This will not only reduce the cost of project management, but it also helps in predicting, analyzing risks, managing the resources and keeping the projects in sync with the planned timeline and budget.
Enhanced Risk Analysis
Efficacious Project management is much more than creating a great plan. It also includes taking unforeseen risks into account and having proper provisions in place to combat the risks. The external changes can change the expected outcomes. So there needs to be a system that can help in the accurate prediction of risks. Machine Learning comes handy in this case. The companies can use existing data along with machine learning tools to predict the outcomes of the project such as the completion rate and estimated delivery time by using the existing resources. Then upper bounds and lower bounds can be put in the estimations. AI tools such as predictive analysis can even help in risk analysis. AI can help in removing the risk during the execution phase thereby making the project more efficient.
An array of AI tools can be used to reduce the burden of project managers and to empower them. They reduce both the time and efforts of the project manager and help in tracking the progress as well as the performance of the project. The AI tools automate the resource management and document management processes and make it easy for the project managers to manage the project effectively. The tools take care of the tedious and time-consuming work like document management, merging of data, coordinating deliveries, etc, thereby leaving only that work for the managers which cannot be done by the machines. These tools help in keeping the project on track, and to check whether everything is well-coordinated and moving in a positive direction. In fact, some of the robust AI tools have the ability to manage the projects without the project manager. Robots can be used to track the progress of the project. They can be employed to look after status reports and send alerts if any delivery is not made on the intended time.
Predicting and experimenting
Some experts claim that machine learning can be used to make forecasts related to the success or failure of the project based on various business models. In this way, the project managers can decide which model to follow and which one to abandon in order to execute the project successfully. Robotic Process Automation or RPA has the ability to be used in scheduling and resource optimization if fed by data modules or business rules. They then use those data models to evaluate the project and report project exceptions. Furthermore, the companies can use predictive tools to get useful forecast so that the project can be modified in order to reduce the losses due to risks.
In addition to using the AI tools, the companies can experiment with other tools to gain success. The rate of experimentation, as well as learning, can be considered as key metrics that determine the success of any organization. Some experts also believe that machine learning can be used to predict the failure or success of a project, but that is a far-fetched reality as of now. However, in the future, AI will make everything possible.
In the present scenario, companies use AI tools along with project management software to manage the components of a project like resources and to track progress, performance or health of the project. However, the tools have the ability to take automation and predictive analysis to the next level. In the future, instead of project components, the entire project can be made more efficient by getting valuable information and insights from these tools.
However, to get accurate predictions, the businesses are required to capture data and feed business model into the AI tools, which can then be evaluated to determine the success or failure of the projects.
AI is a boon for the industrial sector. Its tools can simplify the complex processes, reduce human efforts and save ample time for them so that they can work on other important tasks. These tools have revolutionized project management. However, they cannot replace humans. In fact, AI can partner with Project Managers so that the project can be executed successfully by leveraging human-level emotional intelligence and artificial intelligence.